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抹面砂浆的施工和要求的相关介绍

来源:https://www.jnfhjc.com 日期:2022-06-30 发布人:juyehe

抹面砂浆因使用用方便且价格低廉而在土木建筑领域得到了极为广泛的应用,相信大家一定见到过这种施工方式,可是对它却未被了解得十分深入,没关系,下面小编将为大家就抹面砂浆做相关的介绍。
Plastering mortar has been widely used in the field of civil engineering and architecture because of its convenient use and low price. I believe you must have seen this construction method, but it is not well understood. It doesn't matter. The following small series will introduce plastering mortar to you.
抹面砂浆的施工
Construction of plastering mortar
抹面砂浆通常分为两层或三层进行施工。各层砂浆要求不同,因此每层所选用的砂浆也不一样。一般底层砂浆起黏结基层的作用,要求砂浆应具有良好的和易性和较高的黏结力,因此底面砂浆的保水性要好,否则水分易被基层材料吸收而影响砂浆的黏结力。基层表面粗糙些有利于与砂浆的黏结。中层抹灰主要是为了找平,有时可省略去不用。面层抹灰主要为了平整美观,因此选用细沙。
Plastering mortar is usually divided into two or three layers for construction. The requirements for each layer of mortar are different, so the mortar selected for each layer is also different. Generally, the bottom mortar plays the role of bonding the base course. It is required that the mortar should have good workability and high bonding force. Therefore, the water retention of the bottom mortar is good. Otherwise, the water will be easily absorbed by the base material and affect the bonding force of the mortar. The rough surface of the base course is conducive to the bonding with the mortar. The middle layer plastering is mainly for leveling, sometimes it can be omitted. The surface plastering is mainly for flatness and beauty, so fine sand is selected.
用于砖墙的底层抹灰,多用石灰砂浆;用于板条墙或板条顶棚的底层抹灰多用混合砂浆或石灰砂浆;混凝土墙、梁、柱、顶板等底层抹灰多用混合砂浆、麻刀石灰浆或纸筋石灰浆。
Used for bottom plastering of brick wall, mostly lime mortar; Mixed mortar or lime mortar is usually used for bottom plastering of batten wall or batten ceiling; Mixed mortar, machete lime slurry or paper reinforced lime slurry are commonly used for the plastering of concrete walls, beams, columns, roof and other bottom layers.
在容易碰撞或潮湿的地方,应采用水泥砂浆。如墙裙、踢脚板、地面、雨棚、窗台以及水池、水井等处,一般多用1:2.5的水泥砂浆。
Cement mortar shall be used in places prone to collision or moisture. For example, 1:2.5 cement mortar is generally used for skirting, skirting, ground, canopy, windowsill, pool, well, etc.
济南抹面砂浆
Requirements for Jinan plastering mortar
根据抹面砂浆功能的不同,可将抹面砂浆分为普通抹面砂浆、装饰砂和具有某些特殊功能的抹面砂浆(如防水砂浆、绝热砂浆、吸音砂浆和耐酸砂浆等)。对抹面砂浆要求具有良好的和易性,容易抹成均匀平整的薄层,便于施工。
According to the different functions of the plastering mortar, the plastering mortar can be divided into ordinary plastering mortar, decorative sand and plastering mortar with some special functions (such as waterproof mortar, thermal insulation mortar, sound-absorbing mortar and acid resistant mortar). The plastering mortar shall have good workability and be easy to be plastered into a uniform and flat thin layer for construction.
还应有较高的黏结力,砂浆层应能与底面黏结牢固,长期不致开裂或脱落。处于潮湿环境或易受外力作用部位(如地面和墙裙等),还应具有较高的耐水性和强度,主要作用是用作装饰或找平基层。
It shall also have high bonding force, and the mortar layer shall be firmly bonded to the bottom surface without cracking or falling off for a long time. It shall also have high water resistance and strength in humid environment or parts susceptible to external forces (such as the ground and dado), which are mainly used for decoration or leveling the base course.
普通水泥砂浆的特点如下:①抹面层不承受荷载;②抹面层与基底层要有足够的粘结强度,使其在施工中或长期自重和环境作用下不脱落、不开裂;③抹面层多为薄层,并分层涂抹,面层要求平整、光洁、细致、美观;④多用于干燥环境,大面积暴露在空气中。
The characteristics of ordinary cement mortar are as follows: ① the plastering layer does not bear load; ② The plastering layer and the base layer shall have sufficient bonding strength to prevent them from falling off and cracking during construction or under long-term self weight and environmental effects; ③ The plastering layer is mostly a thin layer, which shall be applied in layers. The surface layer shall be flat, bright, clean, meticulous and beautiful; ④ It is mostly used in dry environment and exposed to air in a large area.
以上就是问题解答的相关内容了,希望能够帮助到大家,如对这一问题还存在任何疑问,都欢迎关注我们网站https://www.jnfhjc.com并咨询我们的工作人员,将竭诚为您服务。
The above is the relevant content of the question answer. I hope it can help you. If you still have any questions about this problem, you are welcome to follow our website https://www.jnfhjc.com And consult our staff, will serve you wholeheartedly.