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生石膏的功效有哪些?

来源:https://www.jnfhjc.com 日期:2019-02-28 发布人:admin

提起生石膏,可能很多人都知道,但如果说它是一味中药材,可能很多人都会感觉茫然。其实,生石膏的确是一味中药材,其味辛、甘,微寒。归肺、胃经。有清热泻火,除烦止渴,收敛生肌(用煅石膏)的功效。它既可内服,也可以外用,主治各种实症及热症。

  Talking about raw gypsum, many people may know, but if it is a traditional Chinese medicine, many people may feel confused. In fact, raw gypsum is indeed a traditional Chinese medicine, its taste is spicy, sweet, slightly cold. Return to the lung and stomach meridians. It has the functions of clearing heat and purging fire, eliminating irritation and thirst, and astringency and muscle regeneration (using calcined gypsum). It can be taken orally or externally, and it can be used to treat various diseases and fever.
  生石膏的功效
  Efficacy of raw gypsum
  清热泻火,除烦止渴,收敛生肌。主治:中风寒热,心下逆气惊喘,口干舌焦,不能息,腹中坚痛,除邪鬼,产褥金疮。除时气头痛身热,三焦大热,皮肤热,肠胃中结气,解肌发汗,止消渴烦逆,腹胀暴气,喘息咽热,亦可做浴汤
  Clearing heat and purging fire, eliminating irritation and thirst, astringent and muscle-building. Indications: Stroke, cold and heat, subcardiac asthma, dry mouth, burnt tongue, unable to breathe, abdominal pain, eliminating evil spirits, puerperal gold sores. In addition to time, headache, body heat, three-jiao fever, skin heat, stomach gas, muscle sweating, thirst relief, dyspnea, abdominal distension, panting and pharynx heat, can also be used as bath soup.
  生石膏的作用
  The function of raw gypsum
  1、用于温热病气分实热的证候。常与知母相须为用,如白虎汤。对于温热病气血两燔,高热发斑,则常与犀角、玄参等凉血解毒药配伍,以清热消斑,如化斑汤。
  1. Used for the syndrome of febrile diseases with excessive heat due to qi. It is often used in conjunction with Anemarrhena asphodeloides, such as White Tiger Soup. For the febrile disease of both qi and blood burnt, high fever spots, often with rhinoceros horn, Radix Scrophulariae and other antidotes of cold blood compatibility, to clear heat and eliminate spots, such as Huaban decoction.
  2、用于肺热喘咳,心烦口渴。常与杏仁、麻黄配用,以清宣肺热、止咳平喘,如麻杏石甘汤。
  2. For pulmonary fever, asthma and cough, upset and thirsty. It is often used with almonds and ephedra to clear away lung heat, relieve cough and relieve asthma, such as Maxing Shigan Decoction.
  3、用于胃火亢盛,头痛,齿痛,牙龈肿痛。常与知母、牛膝等配伍,以泻火而缓痛,如玉女煎。
  3. For hyperpyretic stomach, headache, toothache, gum swelling and pain. Often compatible with Anemarrhena asphodeloides, Achyranthes bidentata, etc., to relieve pain by purging fire, such as Yunujian.
  4、用于湿疹,疮疡溃后不敛,水火烫伤。常与黄柏、青黛等配伍,外用以清热敛疮、生肌。
  4. For eczema, sores, ulcers and scalds. Often compatible with Phellodendron amurense, Indigo Naturalis, etc., for external use to clear away heat, astringe sores and build muscle.
  使用注意:须打碎先煎久煎。
  Use Note: Shatter and fry for a long time.
  现代医学研究证明,生石膏内服经胃酸作用,一部分变成可溶性钙盐,至肠吸收入血后能增加血清内钙离子的浓度,可抑制体温调节中枢、减轻骨骼肌的兴奋性、减少血管通透性,故有解热、镇痉、消炎等作用。煅石膏外用,能减少粘膜的分泌。
  Modern medical research has proved that raw gypsum can be taken orally through gastric acid, and part of it becomes soluble calcium salt. It can increase the concentration of calcium ion in serum after intestinal absorption into blood. It can inhibit the center of body temperature regulation, reduce the excitability of skeletal muscle, and reduce the permeability of blood vessels. Therefore, it has the functions of antipyretic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory. Calcined gypsum for external use can reduce the secretion of mucosa.
  过去许多人家也都会自备一些常用药物,生石膏便是其一。一旦遇见发烧、发热,便内服生石膏,很快即好。
  In the past, many people also brought their own medicines, including raw gypsum. Once you encounter fever and fever, take plaster orally and soon.
  生石膏内服方法一般是制作成石膏粳米汤:10克~15克生石膏,放入锅中与粳米一起熬煮,米熟了即好,粳米与生石膏等量。
济南石膏粉
  The internal use of raw gypsum is generally made into gypsum and Japonica Rice soup: 10 to 15 grams of raw gypsum, boiled in a pot with japonica rice, rice cooked is good, japonica rice and raw gypsum equal amount.
  注意事项:只有生石膏才可内服;锻石膏为外敷,切忌不可混用;实症、热症才可以内服生石膏,虚症千万不可以服用生石膏。
  Notes: Only raw gypsum can be taken internally; Forging gypsum is applied externally, and must not be mixed; Solid and fever can be taken internally, and deficiency must not be taken raw gypsum.
  生石膏副作用
  Side effects of raw gypsum
  (一)传统文献《本草纲目》:无毒。
  (1) Traditional literature Compendium of Materia Medica: non-toxic.
  《伤寒论》中白虎汤用生石膏1斤,据吴承洛和柯雪帆先生分别核算,东汉1斤合今222.73g和250g。说明古人认为生石膏和白虎汤的毒性很小。
  According to Mr. Wu Chengluo and Mr. Ke Xuefan, one jin of raw gypsum used in Baihu Tang in Treatise on Febrile Diseases is 222.73g and 250g in the Eastern Han Dynasty. It shows that the ancients thought that the toxicity of raw gypsum and Baihu decoction was very small.
  (二)毒理试验
  (2) Toxicological tests
  1.LD50:生石膏水煎剂小鼠静注的LD50为l4.7g/kg或16.7g/kg。生石膏残渣再次水煎剂的LD50与次相近。
  1.LD50: The LD50 of gypsum Decoction mice was l4.7g/kg or 16.7g/kg by intravenous injection. The LD50 of the decoction of raw gypsum residue was similar to that of the first decoction.
  2.毒性反应水煎服250g未发现毒性反应。
  2. No toxic reaction was found after 250g decoction.
  以上说明生石膏的毒性非常小。
  The above shows that the toxicity of raw gypsum is very small.